"The king answered Daniel, and said, 'Truly your God is the God of gods, the Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, since you could reveal this secret.'" –Daniel 2:47
This account of Daniel's life begins by revealing the key qualities that produced one of the most outstanding figured in Israel's history. We are immediately presented with faithfulness, a characteristic that shaped Daniel throughout his life. He lived a life that was faithful to God regardless of the cost. He maintained faithfulness even when the vast majority of his peers completely turned their backs on God.
At age 16, he was among a handful of people who heeded the warning of prophets like Jeremiah. Daniel was a young man during the time of the collapse of his nation and its mass deportation to Babylon. Even though he never participated in Israel's rebellion, he never grew bitter against God as he suffered the horrible consequences of his nation's sin. Instead he determined in his heart to be used by God to bring Israel back to God.
Like Daniel, today's church lives in dark times. Like Daniel, we have the opportunity to stand up and reveal by our example the blessings that await those who will return to a life of faithfulness to God. Daniel was given this opportunity when God sovereignly had him selected as one of the few deported Jews trained to serve in the Babylonian government. This provided a platform for him to reveal what God could do for and through a faithful person. Daniel therefore purposed in his heart to be faithful to God no matter the cost.
Daniel's first opportunity came when he was commanded to eat food offered to pagan idols. These were the same idols the Jews had vainly turned to for protection from the judgment that God sent upon them for their idolatry and sin. Daniel's bold stand to not have anything to do with pagan idols had amazing results. When the impact of his limited diet was tested Daniel's physical appearance was far superior to those who ate food offered to idols (1:3-15). Next God enabled Daniel to grow tenfold in his ability to take the training he was given and excel in wisdom. Daniel's faithfulness to God paid off. It was proof to both the Jews and the Babylonians that God honors those who faithfully honor Him. This faithfulness develops our character to bring glory to God in ways far beyond anything we could have done on our own.
In chapter two, we see Daniel take on, by faith, what appeared to be an impossible task—a task that the wisest men of Babylon could not accomplish. Failing at this task would result in the death of every person who advised the king, including Daniel and his three Jewish friends. Daniel stood before the king and promised he would not only interpret one of the king's dreams but also first reveal the dream without being told by the king what the dream was. An impossible task for man, but not for God. By faith in God, Daniel took the challenge. First Daniel asked for prayer from his three friends and then he asked that God give him both the dream and its prophetic interpretation (2:1-23). The impossible became possible.
Daniel then took this opportunity to boldly proclaim to the king that there is a true and living God who knows all things -- things that can be revealed to any humble person who seeks God (2:28-30). When told both his dream and its meaning, the king declared to Daniel, "Truly your God is the God of gods, the Lord of kings (v. 47).
Do you see what can happen when anyone is willing to stand in faith to honor God regardless of the feared consequences? In the end, God was glorified before both the Jews and Babylonians. Furthermore, Daniel was promoted as ruler, under the king, of the entire realm of Babylon!
NKJV Bible Text
Daniel and His Friends Obey God
1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the articles of the house of God, which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the articles into the treasure house of his god.
v. 1 Third year of...Jehoiakim – Generally reckoned to be the year 605 BC, which was also the first year in which Nebuchadnezzar was reigning in Babylon.
Jehoiakim – The son of the great and godly Jewish king Josiah, Jehoiakim did not follow in his father's footsteps, but worshipped false gods and led the rest of the nation into idolatry. He had been placed into his position as king by the Egyptian Pharaoh Necho, who had deposed Jehoiakim's brother Jehoahaz as king. Jehoiakim's given name was Eliakim (1 Kings 23:31-37).
Nebuchadnezzar – The son of the Chaldean king Nabupolassar who attained Babylonian independence from the Assyrian Empire, Nebuchadnezzar would complete his father's work by forming an alliance with the Medes and destroying the Assyrian capital of Nineveh. It would be under his reign that Babylon would conquer much of the Middle East. He was also known for his magnificent building projects.
Jerusalem...besieged it – This is the first of three times recorded in the Bible when the Babylonians would lay siege to Jerusalem and take it (2 Kings 24:1-4, 10-16; 25:1-10). After the first of the two sieges, Nebuchadnezzar took some of the people captive along with their wealth, and set up two puppet kings to rule in Jerusalem (Jehoiachin and Zedekiah). After the third of these sieges, Nebuchadnezzar, destroyed the city and led the whole nation in bondage to Babylon (2 Kings 25).
v. 2 The Lord gave – Many of the prophetic writings given throughout the Old Testament warned that God was going to allow the Babylonians to invade and destroy the nation of Israel. The prophets told the people that this judgment would come because of their repeated idolatries and immoralities (Is. 39:6-7, Jer. 25:8-11).
Articles of the house of God – Some of the valuable instruments used for worship in the Temple of Yahweh, which had been built by Solomon 350-400 years earlier.
Shinar – another term for Babylon
His god – As polytheists, the Babylonians worshipped many gods, but their chief god was a warrior deity called Marduk, who was considered the king of all the gods. His temple called Esagilla and its accompanying ziggurat (a pyramid with a very high tower used in the worship of heavenly bodies) called Etemenanki were among the biggest, most glorious buildings of Babylon.
treasure house – Much of the spoils gathered in war would be gathered into the storerooms of the temples of the gods. This was used to help finance further building projects associated with the temple as well as to maintain the current temple activities (such as paying priests and priestesses). This would also have symbolically represented the victory of the god over that of the conquered people's deity.
3 Then the king instructed Ashpenaz, the master of his eunuchs, to bring some of the children of Israel and some of the king's descendants and some of the nobles, 4 young men in whom there was no blemish, but good-looking, gifted in all wisdom, possessing knowledge and quick to understand, who had ability to serve in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the language and literature of the Chaldeans. 5 And the king appointed for them a daily provision of the king's delicacies and of the wine which he drank, and three years of training for them, so that at the end of that time they might serve before the king. 6 Now from among those of the sons of Judah were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. 7 To them the chief of the eunuchs gave names: he gave Daniel the name Belteshazzar; to Hananiah, Shadrach; to Mishael, Meshach; and to Azariah, Abed-Nego.
v. 3 Eunuchs – Predominant in eastern cultures, a eunuch was a court official that served in the royal palaces of the kings. Eunuchs were castrated so as to keep them from having sexual relations with any of the king's harem or his daughters. Most of the king's advisors, as well as the servants of his household were eunuchs. As advisors to the king, eunuchs were often very powerful and were highly esteemed.
Master of the eunuchs – He had the responsibility of the oversight and training the eunuchs.
King's descendants and...nobles – Most of the Israelites taken captive in the first Babylonian raid were of noble descent. At first, the king did not want to destroy the Israelites, just defeat them. By taking Israel's nobles, the king was taking away their leadership and attempting to prevent a revolt.
v. 4 No blemish – no physical defects or disabilities
Wisdom...quick to understand – They were looking for intelligent, teachable young men that would be best suited to work as advisors to the king. Those captives that did not fit this description would be relegated to forced labor.
Language and literature – These eunuchs were well educated in the culture, language, literature, and science of the Babylonian people. They were, in effect, scholars.
Chaldeans – This refers to one of the chief Babylonian tribes and is often used to speak of all Babylonians much in the same way that "Jew" is used for all Israelites.
v. 5 Delicacies – food eaten at the royal table, shared by the members of the household of the king
Serve – After three years, these eunuchs in training would be appointed as advisors to various positions in the house of the king.
v. 7 Names – As advisors to the king, eunuchs were, in effect, leaders in the Babylonian Empire, and, as such, it was important that they be culturally Babylonian. Thus, the king tried to wipe away the vestiges of Israelite culture remaining with these men. They were to live as Chaldeans, and have Chaldean names. These new names represented new identities as Babylonian citizens.
8 But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's delicacies, nor with the wine which he drank; therefore he requested of the chief of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself. 9 Now God had brought Daniel into the favor and goodwill of the chief of the eunuchs. 10 And the chief of the eunuchs said to Daniel, "I fear my lord the king, who has appointed your food and drink. For why should he see your faces looking worse than the young men who are your age? Then you would endanger my head before the king."
11 So Daniel said to the steward whom the chief of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, 12 "Please test your servants for ten days, and let them give us vegetables to eat and water to drink. 13 Then let our appearance be examined before you, and the appearance of the young men who eat the portion of the king's delicacies; and as you see fit, so deal with your servants." 14 So he consented with them in this matter, and tested them ten days.
15 And at the end of ten days their features appeared better and fatter in flesh than all the young men who ate the portion of the king's delicacies. 16 Thus the steward took away their portion of delicacies and the wine that they were to drink, and gave them vegetables.
v. 8 Defile...with the portion of the king's delicacies – Most meat in the ancient world was cut from animals offered as sacrifices to pagan deities. The fat and offal would be burned in honor of the deity and the meat would be barbequed. Some of it would be eaten on the spot with the priest performing the sacrifice and the rest would be sold in the market. Because eating meat offered in sacrifice to false gods was tantamount to idolatry, and Nebuchadnezzar's meat, undoubtedly had been offered in this manner, Daniel felt compelled in his heart to abstain from this food.
v. 9 Favor and goodwill – God made it so that Ashpenaz liked Daniel and wanted to accommodate him in this.
v. 10 Worse – Ashpenaz feared that Daniel would grow sickly and weak if he didn't eat the fine foods that the king had prescribed for him.
v. 12 Test – Daniel was confident that God was going to bless his endeavor to abstain from the king's meat, and asked only for a test period of 10 days. If he and his friends looked worse than the other eunuchs in training, then Ashpenaz would be freed to do whatever he wanted.
v. 13 Young men who eat – These were the other young men that had been marked out to be royal eunuchs and had not refused to eat the meat of the king. As the Babylonians had conquered many foreign peoples, these were probably not all Hebrews.
v. 15 Better and fatter in flesh – In spite of eating only vegetables, Daniel and his friends appeared healthier and more vigorous than those that had been eating the meat.
v. 16 The steward – The person in charge of the kitchen. He was the one that decided what food was prepared and how it was to be served. He was also in charge of the kitchen staff.
17 As for these four young men, God gave them knowledge and skill in all literature and wisdom; and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
18 Now at the end of the days, when the king had said that they should be brought in, the chief of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar. 19 Then the king interviewed them, and among them all none was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah; therefore they served before the king. 20 And in all matters of wisdom and understanding about which the king examined them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and astrologers who were in all his realm. 21 Thus Daniel continued until the first year of King Cyrus.
v. 17 Visions and dreams – The Babylonians were very involved in the interpretation of dreams and other kinds of phenomenon to discern the future. Many of these practices were contrary to the commands of Scripture (Deut. 18:10-12). God, however, gave Daniel and his friends the ability to interpret dreams and visions by the power of His own Holy Spirit and He did so in order that they might gain the king's favor.
v. 18 End of days – When the three-year training period ended and the men were ready to serve in the palace.
v. 20 Astrologers – those who studied the stars to discern things about the future
v. 21 King Cyrus – The Persian king that would ultimately conquer the Babylonians and subject their former empire under his own command. He would set the Israelites free from foreign control and allow them to return to their homeland. He would also commission the rebuilding of the Temple of God, which was to be destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar during his third invasion of Judah (2 Chron. 36:11-23). This most likely refers to his first year as ruler over Babylon, generally regarded as 539 BC. This means that Daniel would serve as an advisor to successive kings for over 65 years.
1 Now in the second year of Nebuchadnezzar's reign, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was so troubled that his sleep left him. 2 Then the king gave the command to call the magicians, the astrologers, the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans to tell the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king. 3 And the king said to them, "I have had a dream, and my spirit is anxious to know the dream."
4 Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Aramaic, "O king, live forever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will give the interpretation."
v. 1 the second year of Nebuchadnezzar's reign – generally reckoned to be 604 BC
his spirit was so troubled – The word "spirit" here refers to the mind. "Troubled" in the Hebrew speaks of persistent pains.
v. 2 magicians – Refers to those who used charms, spells, and omens to achieve their divining or magical effects. This could also refer to those who were educated in the sacred writings of their lands. It is probable that the king summoned the magicians to see if there was anything in their sacred writings to would help him understand his dreams.
astrologers – These people would study the stars to gain insight and wisdom concerning any matter. They would also look to the stars to reveal things about the future. In this case, the king was seeking to know if the stars had anything to say about his dream.
sorcerers – These practiced witchcraft or sorcery sourced in demonic power.
Chaldeans – This term, which technically referred to one of the principle Babylonian clans, was used to speak of a special class of people that practiced traditional forms of Babylonian magic.
v. 4 Aramaic – This is the language of the Aramean people, which was later introduced to the regions of Syria and Mesopotamia. It became the common language of Babylon and its empire until the Greek language was established by Alexander the Great. Daniel 2:4-7:28 is written in Aramaic, the rest of the book is in Hebrew. This is the only section of the Old Testament written in a language other than Hebrew.
5 The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, "My decision is firm: if you do not make known the dream to me, and its interpretation, you shall be cut in pieces, and your houses shall be made an ash heap. 6 However, if you tell the dream and its interpretation, you shall receive from me gifts, rewards, and great honor. Therefore tell me the dream and its interpretation."
7 They answered again and said, "Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will give its interpretation."
8 The king answered and said, "I know for certain that you would gain time, because you see that my decision is firm: 9 if you do not make known the dream to me, there is only one decree for you! For you have agreed to speak lying and corrupt words before me till the time has changed. Therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that you can give me its interpretation."
10 The Chaldeans answered the king, and said, "There is not a man on earth who can tell the king's matter; therefore no king, lord, or ruler has ever asked such things of any magician, astrologer, or Chaldean. 11 It is a difficult thing that the king requests, and there is no other who can tell it to the king except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh."
12 For this reason the king was angry and very furious, and gave the command to destroy all the wise men of Babylon. 13 So the decree went out, and they began killing the wise men; and they sought Daniel and his companions, to kill them.
v. 5 cut in pieces – Dismembering someone's body was a common punishment of the day.
your houses shall be made an ash heap – This phrase simply means that their houses would be burned down and all their goods destroyed.
v. 6 great honor – To have "great honor" refers to someone who has a great reputation: someone with privilege or in possession of a superior rank. The great honor referred to is likely a position of power in the kingdom. After interpreting the dream, Daniel is made a ruler and administrator in the kingdom.
v. 9 For you have agreed to speak lying and corrupt words – The king believes that his councilors are conspiring to give a false interpretation of the dream in order to save their lives. He demands that they tell him the dream itself as proof that their interpretation is true.
til the time has changed – The king thought the wise men would lie to him to gain time in the hopes that, as time passed, he might forget about the whole thing.
v. 11 the gods – the Babylonian gods
whose dwelling is not with flesh – The wise men are pointing out that gods alone can interpret dreams. This amounts to saying that there isn't anyone who can tell the king his dream.
v. 12 the wise men of Babylon – Babylon can refer to two things: to the kingdom or territory, or to the city. It is unclear here whether this speaks of all the wise men of the empire, or just the city.
v. 13 decree – The king made a law to have all the wise men killed.
God Reveals Nebuchadnezzar's Dream
14 Then with counsel and wisdom Daniel answered Arioch, the captain of the king's guard, who had gone out to kill the wise men of Babylon; 15 he answered and said to Arioch the king's captain, "Why is the decree from the king so urgent?" Then Arioch made the decision known to Daniel.
16 So Daniel went in and asked the king to give him time, that he might tell the king the interpretation. 17 Then Daniel went to his house, and made the decision known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions, 18 that they might seek mercies from the God of heaven concerning this secret, so that Daniel and his companions might not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon. 19 Then the secret was revealed to Daniel in a night vision. So Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
20 Daniel answered and said:
"Blessed be the name of God forever and ever,
For wisdom and might are His.
21 And He changes the times and the seasons;
He removes kings and raises up kings;
He gives wisdom to the wise
And knowledge to those who have understanding.
22 He reveals deep and secret things;
He knows what is in the darkness,
And light dwells with Him.
23 "I thank You and praise You,
O God of my fathers;
You have given me wisdom and might,
And have now made known to me what we asked of You,
For You have made known to us the king's demand."
v. 15 urgent – The word urgent here means severe, harsh, or extreme. Daniel is asking why the king's law is so extreme.
v. 17 Hananiah – also known as Shadrach
Mishael – also known as Meshach
Azariah – also known as Abed-Nego
v. 18 mercies – In this context, this means to have pity or compassion toward someone and to act on that compassion by providing help.
God of Heaven – Common in some of the later books of the Old Testament, this title is used to distinguish God from the pagan gods.
v. 19 a night vision – A dream. Visions happened to people while awake, whereas night visions or dreams happened at night while sleeping.
v. 20 wisdom – In this context means to be skilled in correctly interpreting and applying information.
v. 21 He changes the times and the seasons – This phrase speaks of God's control over history, because He lives outside of time. Daniel points out that his God is able change history as He wills. He is able to see the past, present, and future, and that is why his God is able to reveal the king's request.
He removes kings and raises up kings – God is the one who had ultimate control over the kingdoms of the Earth. He is the one that establishes rulers and takes them away.
v. 22 the darkness – Darkness is usually a metaphor to describe things that are hidden from sight.
v. 23 O God of my fathers – Daniel uses the phrase "of my fathers" to refer to his ancestors Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Israel), and identifies himself as a follower of the same God that they worshipped.
Daniel Explains the Dream
24 Therefore Daniel went to Arioch, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon. He went and said thus to him: "Do not destroy the wise men of Babylon; take me before the king, and I will tell the king the interpretation."
25 Then Arioch quickly brought Daniel before the king, and said thus to him, "I have found a man of the captives of Judah, who will make known to the king the interpretation."
26 The king answered and said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, "Are you able to make known to me the dream which I have seen, and its interpretation?"
27 Daniel answered in the presence of the king, and said, "The secret which the king has demanded, the wise men, the astrologers, the magicians, and the soothsayers cannot declare to the king. 28 But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will be in the latter days. Your dream, and the visions of your head upon your bed, were these: 29 As for you, O king, thoughts came to your mind while on your bed, about what would come to pass after this; and He who reveals secrets has made known to you what will be. 30 But as for me, this secret has not been revealed to me because I have more wisdom than anyone living, but for our sakes who make known the interpretation to the king, and that you may know the thoughts of your heart.
31 "You, O king, were watching; and behold, a great image! This great image, whose splendor was excellent, stood before you; and its form was awesome. 32 This image's head was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, 33 its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay. 34 You watched while a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces. 35 Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold were crushed together, and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors; the wind carried them away so that no trace of them was found. And the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.
v. 25 of the captives of Judah – During Nebuchadnezzar's conquests in Judah, he exiled the majority of the Jewish people to the lands of Babylon. There were three separate groups of exiles, and Daniel was part of the first to be taken into Babylon. This phrase identifies Daniel as a foreigner and distinguishes him from the rest of the wise men of Babylon.
v. 27 soothsayers – someone who consulted spirits to discern the future
v. 28 the latter days – the future
v. 30 the thoughts of your heart – This could be rephrased as, "what you have been thinking about."
v. 31 a great image – an idol or statue
splendor was excellent – Splendor, meaning brightness or excellence of appearance. The appearance of this statue was extraordinary.
Its form was awesome – Awesome here means to inspire with awe or fear. The statue filled people with a sense of awe or dread.
v. 35 chaff from the summer – Chaff is the husk of a wheat stock that is of not use and is separated from the grain during the threshing process
threshing floors – Threshing floors were places where workers separated chaff from grain, a process that usually involved the tossing of wheat stocks into the wind where the lighter chaff would be blown off and the heavier grains would be sifted out through the use of objects such as winnowing fans. When the statue was broken, it became useless and discarded like the chaff of the threshing floors.
36 "This is the dream. Now we will tell the interpretation of it before the king. 37 You, O king, are a king of kings. For the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, strength, and glory; 38 and wherever the children of men dwell, or the beasts of the field and the birds of the heaven, He has given them into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all—you are this head of gold. 39 But after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to yours; then another, a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth. 40 And the fourth kingdom shall be as strong as iron, inasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and shatters everything; and like iron that crushes, that kingdom will break in pieces and crush all the others. 41 Whereas you saw the feet and toes, partly of potter's clay and partly of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; yet the strength of the iron shall be in it, just as you saw the iron mixed with ceramic clay. 42 And as the toes of the feet were partly of iron and partly of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly fragile. 43 As you saw iron mixed with ceramic clay, they will mingle with the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one another, just as iron does not mix with clay. 44 And in the days of these kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed; and the kingdom shall not be left to other people; it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand forever. 45 Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold—the great God has made known to the king what will come to pass after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation is sure."
Daniel and His Friends Promoted
46 Then King Nebuchadnezzar fell on his face, prostrate before Daniel, and commanded that they should present an offering and incense to him. 47 The king answered Daniel, and said, "Truly your God is the God of gods, the Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, since you could reveal this secret." 48 Then the king promoted Daniel and gave him many great gifts; and he made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and chief administrator over all the wise men of Babylon. 49 Also Daniel petitioned the king, and he set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego over the affairs of the province of Babylon; but Daniel sat in the gate of the king.
v. 36 This is the dream – In this section, Daniel interprets the dream. The interpretation reveals that the gold, silver, bronze, iron, and clay parts of the statue are separate kingdoms that will be established in future history.
v. 37 power, strength – refers to the quality of the kingdom
v. 38 you are the head of gold – In the interpretation, Daniel reveals that Nebuchadnezzar's is the first kingdom. Its quality would be greater than that of the kingdom to follow.
v. 39 another kingdom – This refers to the statue's silver chest which is a future kingdom following Nebuchadnezzar's. It is an inferior kingdom (silver to gold) often identified with the Medo-Persian Empire that would ultimately conquer Babylon and take control of its territory.
the third kingdom of bronze – Many interpreters believe this refers to the Greek Empire of Alexander the Great, whose rule would extend from Greece to India, a far larger kingdom than either the Babylonians or the Persians.
over all the earth – This phrase shouldn't be misunderstood to mean the earth in its entirety. It should be understood to mean the known world from the perspective of the people of the day. It might also be used in an exaggerated sense.
v. 40 fourth kingdom – Many interpreters believe this refers to the Roman Empire, which would rule over all of Europe and much of the Middle East.
v. 41 Kingdom...divided – This fourth kingdom will ultimately be divided up into several lesser or inferior states that will, nonetheless, retain some of the power of the great empire of iron. Many think that this prophecy refers to the dividing of the Roman empire into smaller nation-states and refers to modern Europe.
v. 43 mingle with the seed – This seems to speak of the fact that the kingdom of iron will mix with different tribes, tongues, and nations of men to create this mix of former empires.
Not adhere – These nations will not attain the size or power that the former empires once held.
v. 44 God of heaven will set up a kingdom – "The stone" is the Kingdom of God. The Kingdom of God has two expressions: on the one hand, it is a spiritual kingdom that was established by Christ and exists in the heart of every one of His servants. This Kingdom extends wherever the rule of Christ extends into the heart of man. The Scriptures also teach, however, that this Kingdom will visibly come in power on the Earth and subjugate all other worldly kingdoms. When that happens, Jesus Christ will rule and reign as a king over the whole world for 1,000 years (Rev. 20:1-4).
v. 46 fell on his face, prostrate – To stretch out and face down on the ground as an act of homage or worship.
v. 48 chief administrator – Administrator here means governor. Daniel was made the governor over all the wise men of Babylon.